|FDA seeks to reform approval process for medical devices and study new tobacco regulations|
|By Staff and Wire Reports|
|Friday, 07 October 2011 05:49|
Health regulators said they are seeking public input on a plan to create a network of outside experts who would help understand new technology in medical devices, potentially speeding up device approval.
The Food and Drug Administration said earlier this week that it had formed a pilot committee of such experts, which will run through December 30 and expand the pool of vetted sources the agency already has.Although the agency's devices center already has a staff of scientists, engineers and clinicians, the FDA often draws on external expertise in reviewing products, especially in areas where knowledge can change rapidly.The experts in the pilot program will not provide policy advice or opinion but will help center staff form their own conclusions.
The program is part of the FDA's efforts to reform its fast-track approval process for medical devices, called 510(k). In recent years the agency's devices unit has been dogged by high staff turnover, funding woes and major recalls.
Earlier this year, the Institute of Medicine, in a report to the FDA, said 510(k) did not adequately protect patients and recommended a more thorough process that would likely raise the costs for device makers.For their part, device makers say agency reviewers lack adequate training and are too slow at approving devices.
In other news, U.S. health regulators said on Thursday that they will follow the behavior and health of 40,000 smokers aged 12 and older to study the effects of new tobacco regulations.
The joint effort by the Food and Drug Administration and the National Institutes of Health is the first such study since Congress asked the FDA to regulate tobacco products in 2009. The FDA said the results will help it better tailor regulations to inform people about the risks of tobacco products. Rockville, Maryland-based research firm Westat will examine what makes people more likely to smoke or stop smoking, and what effect regulation has had on how people view tobacco and its risks.
"The results will strengthen FDA's ability to fulfill our mission to make tobacco-related death and disease part of America's past," FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg said in a statement.
The FDA was tasked with overseeing the advertisements and product designs of the tobacco industry, including marketing to children, but its new rules have faced lawsuits from some tobacco manufacturers, who argue the government has overstepped its authority.
Last month, lawyers from companies including Reynolds American Inc and Lorillard Inc said the FDA had little evidence to prove product labels with pictures of rotting teeth and diseased lungs actually keep consumers from smoking or help them better understand its risks.
The FDA said almost 70 million Americans aged 12 and older used tobacco products in 2010, and cigarette smoking results in 443,000 deaths in the United States each year. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there has been little change in the number of Americans who smoke cigarettes since 2004.